Conservation Fruits Worth Trying
Conservation Fruits from Southmeadow Fruit Gardens, Baroda, Michigan. Phone (269)422-2411; Fax (269) 422-1464.
Shipping season is from late October through the 2nd week in May. (weather permitting). (**asterisks indicate male and female plants required.)
"Many of the following are little known, rarely planted by fruit lovers and difficult to find. But they are attractive to wildlife and man alike, give much pleasure where space is available and make excellent landscape material as well.
"Crabapples - a favorite conservation fruit as well. There are several varieties of beautiful flowering crabs which have fruits that persist into winter and are relished by birds. Among the best are the following:
- American Cranberry Bush (Viburnu trilobum) - A handsome native shrub with bright scarlet fruit that remain on the branches until spring
- Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) - A vigorous shrub with white flowers and bluish- black fruit, a favorite source of food for birds..
- Bayberry (Myrica Pennsylvania)** - A shrub with aromatic leaves and waxy gray berries.
- Beach Plum (Prunus maritima) - A straggling thorny bush with marble-size deep purple fruits. Flesh is sweet and juicy. Hardy, growing in sand and poor soil.
- Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium) - Shrub or small tree bearing small dark blue or black fruit that is sweet and edible.
- Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentiea) - A hardy large shrub with silvery-green foliage and clusters of red or yellow berries. Eaten as a sauce with Buffalo meat in the early days, hence its name.
- Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas) - Large shrub which bears brilliant shiny scarlet berries. Fruit is much like sweet cherries in its attractiveness to birds.
- Cotoneaster Divaricata - A shrub growing to fix feet with arching branches covered with small-cherry-red berries.
- Red Haw (Crataegus mollis) - A small tree, the most decorative of the hawthorns with showy flowers and fruit and bright green leaves.
- Rem - Red Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii) - Developed for winter wildlife food. The red berries ripen in October much later than the many summer-ripening honeysuckles, which by August have been totally consumed.
- Hedgerow Rose (Rosa Rogosa) - Scented red or white flowers bloom from May until October. The rose hips have a high-vitamin C content.
- Saskatoon (Amelanchier ainifolia) - A shrub bearing masses of white flowers in the spring with fruit in clusters, somewhat like blueberries in flavor. A favorite source of food for birds.
- Snowberry (Symphoricarpus albus)
- Coralberry (Symphoricarpus orbiculatus) - Both decorative shrubs, very hardy. Berries ripen in August and stqay on the branches long into winter. Excellent food for wildlife.
- Washington Hawthorn (Cratagus cordata) - Small, shiny, bright coral-red berries, much loved by grouse and other game birds.
- Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum lantana) - White flowers in the spring. Berries are red turning into black. Favored by the birds.
- Western Sandcherry (Prunus Besseyi) - Cherrylike fruit that is uaually sweet. Hardy and grows well in poor soil.
- Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)**- A deciduous holly shrub with brilliant red berries. Ripe in October, eaten by birds."
- Almey - Flowers cherry-red, orange fruits hanging on most of the winter.
- Dolgo Crab - Large brilliant crimson fruits producing a ruby-red jelly. Ripens in late August. Flowers are pure white and large.
- Katherine - The flowers are semi-double and large of a pinkish white color. Good for bird feeding.
- Professor Sprenger - Pink flowers, yellow fruit.
- Profusion - Foliage purple fading to bronze, single deep pink flowers.
- Radiant - Very compact, symnetrical grower. Blooms are red and fruit is small, bright red handing onto the tree well.
- Royalty - Outstanding foliage. New growth reddish, turning purplish with green undercast. Very hardy.
- Snowdrift - The branches are solid masses of flowers with tiny, shiny red-orange fruit.
- Van Eseltine - Large pendulous double rose-pink flowers of remarkable beauty. Flattened yellow fruit 3/4inch with red cheek.
- White Angel - A profusion of huge white flowers. The red fruits hang on throughout the winter until eaten by birds."
Peter Th. Grootendorst, general manager
Theo C.J. Grootendorst, horticulturalist
Robert A. Nitschke, consultant
October Report 2002
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